The Texas Chainsaw Massacre is an franchise consisting of six, and a video game adaptation of the original film. The original film, The Texas Chain Saw Massacre, was released in 1974. Written and produced by and, and directed by Tobe Hooper, the sequels have had various writers and directors attached to them. Leatherface and his family are the antagonists in all of the films in the franchise. Hooper, who had a hand in directing the first sequel, has not had any direct involvement with the rest of the films. The film series is ranked eighth at the United States box office–in adjusted 2008 dollars–when compared to other American horror franchises. The franchise began when a video game adaptation of The Texas Chain Saw Massacre appeared eight years after the release of the film, followed by comic books and 5 sequels. In 2003, a remake of The Texas Chain Saw Massacre, directed by was released, followed by a prequel, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning.
Texas Chainsaw Massacre released in 1974, written by Kim Henkel and Tobe Hooper, directed by Tobe Hooper, was the first and most successful in the series. It is considered the first of the 1970s movies, and originated a great many of the clichés seen in countless later low-budget slashers. Its plot concerns a family of cannibals in rural Texas, who abduct customers from their gas station. The film's most notable character, Leatherface, is one of the most well-known villains in horror cinema, notable for his mask of human skin, his blood-soaked butcher's apron and the chainsaw he wields. Although the film was marketed as a true story, it did not depict factual events, but instead was (like the film Psycho) inspired by, who acted alone and did not use a chainsaw.
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2(1986) picks up where the first film left off. Although it managed to recoup its meager costs, the film was considered a commercial flop. Since its initial release, however, it has developed a cult following of its own. Unlike its predecessor (which actually had minimal gore and a documentary-style feel), this film sports a wildly over-the-top, almost operatic sense of campy black humor, as well as an array of gore effects by makeup maestro . The film features an appearance by novelist and raconteur as well as . Briggs' cameo appearance was originally cut in editing but was restored for the director's cut DVD release of the film.
Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III is a 1990 follow-up to the previous two films. It stars, and was directed by . At the time, this was considered to be the first of several sequels in the series to be produced by New Line. However, it was not a success and New Line had no further involvement in the franchise.
Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation is a 1994 sequel to the original The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974). It largely ignores the events of the previous sequels, instead picking up some 20 years after the original. Some consider it a remake, because of the similarity of many scenes to shots in the original. Due to this, and other factors, Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation has a poor reputation among horror film buffs and critics. It stars and, neither of whom had yet become stars.
2003's The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003), directed by and produced by, is based on the events of the first film, yet for the most part follows a different storyline. For example, instead of picking up Leatherface's psychotic brother, the doomed teenagers instead come upon a traumatized survivor who shoots herself in their van. The film gave a backstory to the character of Leatherface, giving him a real name (Thomas Brown Hewitt) and a possible reason for wearing his skinmask, namely a skin disease that had caused his nose to rot away. Fans and critics had a mixed reaction to the film, but it was financially successful enough to lead to a prequel.
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning (2006) explored the roots of Leatherface's family and delved into their past. Leatherface's first mask is featured, as well as his first chainsaw murder. A variation of the infamous dinner scene, omitted from the remake, was included here.
A third film featuring the remake's continuity was rumored to have been planned, but producer Brad Fuller has recently said that they have absolutely no plans in the future to continue the franchise. On November 2, 2009 said he was interested in filming Texas Chainsaw Massacre in 3D with Twisted Pictures.
|1. The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974)||Tobe Hooper||& Tobe Hooper||Tobe Hooper|
|2. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2||L. M. Kit Carson||Yoram Globus & Menahem Golan|
Sequels (Not directed by Tobe Hooper)
|3. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III||Jeff Burr||David Schow||Robert Engelman|
|4. The Next Generation||Kim Henkel||Robert Kuhn & Kim Henkel|
|5. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003)||Marcus Nispel||Scott Kosar||&|
|6. The Beginning||Jonathan Liebesman||Sheldon Turner||, Kim Henkel|
, Andrew Form, & Tobe Hooper
When comparing The Texas Chainsaw Massacre with the other top-grossing horror franchises—A Nightmare on Elm Street (franchise), Child's Play (franchise), Friday the 13th (franchise), Halloween (franchise), the Hannibal Lecter series, Psycho (franchise), Saw (franchise), and Scream (franchise)—and adjusting for the 2009 inflation, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre is the eighth highest grossing horror franchise, in the United States, at approximately $315 million, only topping the Child's Play film series with approximately $200 million. The series is lead by Friday the 13th at $614 million, the Hannibal Lecter film series with $573 million, A Nightmare on Elm Street with $522 million, Halloween with $517 million, Scream with $400 million, Saw with $378 million, and the Psycho film series with $371 million.