The Shining (1980)
Directed By
Stanley Kubrick
Produced By
Stanley Kubrick
Jan Harlan
Martin Richards
Written By
Stanley Kubrick
Diane Johnson
Stephen King (Novel)
Jack Nicholson
Shelley Duvall
Danny Lloyd
Scatman Crothers
Music By
Wendy Carlos, Rachel Elkind
John Alcott
Editing By
Ray Lovejoy

Distributed By
Warner Bros.
Release Date(s)
May 23, 1980
146 minutes
Flag of the United States United States
$12 million

The Shining is a 1980 psychological horror film directed by Stanley Kubrick, based on Stephen King's novel of the same name. Though it had mixed reviews from the critics upon its release, it was wildly popular with moviegoers and was financially successful. It is now frequently ranked as one of the best horror films as well as one of the greatest films in history and its iconic and surreal imagery is deeply embedded throughout popular culture, although there was a long interval between its release and its achievement of iconic status. Director Stanley Kubrick co-wrote the screenplay with novelist Diane Johnson. The film stars Jack Nicholson as tormented writer Jack Torrance, Shelley Duvall as his wife Wendy, and Danny Lloyd as their son, Danny.


The film tells the story of a writer, Jack Torrance (Jack Nicholson), who accepts the job of the winter caretaker at a hotel that always gets snowed in during the winter. Jack's son shares psychic abilities with the hotel's chef who calls it "shining". They can see things in the past, such as the ghosts of murdered people in the hotel. When the hotel becomes snowbound, Jack Torrance is influenced by the ghosts in the haunted hotel and descends into madness trying to murder his wife and son.

Initial response to the film was mixed and it performed moderately at the box office. Subsequent critical assessment of the film has been more favorable and it is now viewed as a classic of the horror genre. The novel's author Stephen King has had very conflicted feelings about it (see Reception and Comparison with the book) which have oscillated over time. A TV mini-series adaptation of the novel broadcast in 1997 saw King more actively involved.

List of DeathsEdit

Name Cause of Death Killer On-Screen Notes
Lorraine Massey Wrists Slit Lorraine Massey No Suicide,´ Becomes Room 237 Ghost
Grady Twin Hacked up with axe Delbert Grady No Becomes Ghost, Prior To Film
Grady Twin Exsanguinated with axe Delbert Grady No Becomes Ghost, Prior To Film
Mrs. Grady Decapitated with axe Delbert Grady No Prior To Film
Delbert Grady Shot in head Delbert Grady No Suicide,´ Becomes Ghost
Dick Halloran Impaled to the stomach with axe Jack Torrance Yes
Jack Torrance Frozen alive with snow N/A Yes Becomes Ghost